After the destruction of the Second World War, the nations of Europe struggled to rebuild their economies and ensure their security. Beginning inthis policy was supplemented by the deployment of American nuclear weapons in western European bases. Their treaty provided collective defense; if any one of these nations was attacked, the others were bound to help defend it.
Vandenburg proposed a resolution suggesting that the President seek a security treaty with Western Europe that would adhere to the United Nations charter but exist outside of the Security Council where the Soviet Union held veto power.
Events following the September 11 terrorist attacks in led to the forging of a new dynamic within the alliance, one that increasingly favoured the military engagement of members outside Europe, initially with a mission against Taliban forces in Afghanistan beginning in the summer of and subsequently with air operations against the regime of Muammar al-Qaddafi in Libya in early Yet behind the rhetoric extolling multilateralism the reality is that while France is rejoining military NATO, the United States is becoming more distant.
It was soon recognized, however, that a more formidable alliance would be required to provide an adequate military counterweight to the Soviets. Each side was organizing its own sector of occupied Germany, so that two German states would emerge, a democratic one in the west and a communist one in the east.
Secretary of State Dean Acheson put his signature on the document, it reflected an important change in American foreign policy. In the mids, however, the U. At other times the council, chaired by the NATO secretary-general, remains in permanent session at the ambassadorial level.
In keeping with the first objective, NATO established the North Atlantic Cooperation Council ; later replaced by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council to provide a forum for the exchange of views on political and security issues, as well as the Partnership for Peace PfP program to enhance European security and stability through joint military training exercises with NATO and non-NATO states, including the former Soviet republics and allies.
Further, wartime cooperation between the western Allies and the Soviets had completely broken down. De Gaulle was dismayed that the major European powers continued to rely on America to decide how Europe should defend itself.
Visit Website Events of the following year prompted American leaders to adopt a more militaristic stance toward the Soviets. By this time BritainCanada, and the United States had already engaged in secret exploratory talks on security arrangements that would serve as an alternative to the United Nations UNwhich was becoming paralyzed by the rapidly emerging Cold War.
When Soviet leaders found it necessary to use military force to put down revolts in Hungary in and in Czechoslovakia infor example, they presented the action as being carried out by the Warsaw Pact rather than by the USSR alone.
The alliance provided a mechanism for the Soviets to exercise even tighter control over the other Communist states in Eastern Europe and deter pact members from seeking greater autonomy. The operation was approved by the North Atlantic Council and involves warships primarily from the United States though vessels from many other nations are also included.
Afterhowever, far-reaching economic and political reforms introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev fundamentally altered the status quo. President Truman inspecting a tank produced under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program The result of these extensive negotiations was the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in A European Future for NATO?
Printer Friendly Version. Carolyne V. Davidson is a writer for the History News Service and a Ph.D. candidate in history at Yale University.
Her dissertation is entitled, "Dealing with de Gaulle: France, the United States and NATO, ". North Atlantic Treaty Organization: History of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Start Your Free Trial Some also feared future Russian aggression and suggested that NATO membership would guarantee freedom and security for. Feb 12, · The Strategic Concept is an official document that outlines NATO’s enduring purpose and nature, and its fundamental security tasks.
It also identifies the central features of the new security environment, specifies the elements of the Alliance’s approach to security and provides guidelines for the adaptation of its military forces. Mar 25, · A quick look at the way Nato begun and some of the events it has been involved in over the years.
The History of Nato MrMillerProductions. the Future NATO: What the Last Years of Alliance Behavior Tells Us then, using insights gained from history, evaluates NATO’s state against these objective rationales. It goes on to.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and could do the same in future conflicts where NATO intervention was required, The handover of control to NATO took place on 11 August, and marked the first time in NATO's history that it took charge of a mission outside the north Atlantic area.Download