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I did so, however, at a philosophical level i. Another new theoretical approach certainly employing "societal" rather than "statist" thinking has been elaborated by Helen Samuels in the United States, with her concept of the "documentation strategy.

The Dutch Manual of With both concepts, the key issue for Samuels is that, on a much broader scale than archivists traditionally have done, "analysis and planning must precede collecting.

Despite good cooperation between the two professions, and the "continuum"-like cooperation envisioned by Philip Brooks, the Schellenbergian distinction between "records" and "archives" has tended to emphasize the differences between records managers and archivists, and between records and archives, rather than their similarities and interconnections.

Moreover, the themes or subjects chosen will always be in dispute, and thus the approach reflects some of the "weathervane" faults of the American Schellenbergian tradition.

Not having the luxury to formulate archival principles based on the meticulous analysis of limited numbers of old documents, nor able to rely solely on the "descriptive science" of Casanova, Jenkinson, and the Dutch authors, American archivists began their collective professional activity Expansion srategies a mounting Expansion srategies of contemporary records, only a tiny fraction of which could be preserved as archives.

The "total archives" perspective may be threatened with marginalization, the late Shirley Spragge stated in an emotional parting call to her colleagues, only if Canadian archivists overlook or abdicate their own traditions.

Yet in some ways that is irrelevant, for my thesis is that the analysis in this paper, despite my limited foci, will reveal historical trends that have some universality even within the broad pluralism that characterizes the international archival profession. It is clear," he continues, "that radical innovations in archival practice are becoming increasingly incompatible with the continuance of a doctrine seeking to remain enclosed within the bulwarks of its traditional principles.

If records were to maintain their innocence in an archival setting, then any appraisal by the archivist was utterly inappropriate. Consistent with such an approach, archivists were known in Britain as "keepers.

That articulation forms our collective discourse, the metatext or narrative animating our professional practice, and thus properly is the focus of an intellectual history of archives.

Yet such societal or collective memory has not been formed haphazardly throughout history, nor are the results without controversy. In a long series of speculative, probing essays, Taylor challenged archivists to see the archival connections in the evolution from the ancient to the medieval to the industrial to the information society, and from the oral to the written to the visual and to the electronic record.

Upon what basis, reflecting what shifting values, have archivists decided who should be admitted into their houses of memory, and who excluded? In developing these selection or appraisal criteria, Schellenberg became "the father of appraisal theory in the United States.

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Transatlantic archival pioneer Ernst Posner observed that the Manual gave "final sanction" to theoretical principles that had gradually been evolving throughout the previous century, while the first international archival congress in Brussels in formally endorsed the Dutch principles.

As Czech novelist Milan Kundera asserts, "the struggle against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting. Archival historical analysis requires revisiting the principal professional discussions that leading archivists had about their work and with each other. The public and public opinion," Booms observed, " Whether directly or through Jenkinson and Schellenberg, the work of Muller, Feith, and Fruin has widely influenced our collective theory and practice.

The emphasis of archives work," she noted in conscious contrast to Jenkinson, "has shifted from preservation of records to selection of records for preservation. If archives were the organic emanation of documents from a record creator, then severing any record from that organic whole seemed to violate fundamental archival principles as established by the Dutch.

He refers to an Administration which was an organic whole, thus illustrating again his focus, just like the Dutch trio, on medieval and early modern records, with their closed series, their stable and long-dead creators, and their status as inherited records from the past.Cet essaie analyse l'histoire de la pensée archivistique depuis la publication du Manuel hollandais il y a un siècle.

Il suggère qu'un nouveau paradigme émerge au. Total no.

of credits for BBA-CAM programme: Total no. of credits for award of degree: FIRST SEMESTER. BBA (CAM) PRINCIPAL OF MANAGEMENT.

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