Melatonin- a hormone derived from tryptophan that regulates circadian rhythm sleep cycle and is secreted by the pineal gland that tells people when to sleep. Suprachiasmatic nucleus [SCN]- found in the hypothalamus that is sensitive to light.
It is also the most used of all of the psychoactive drugs. Theories of Sleep Adaptive Theory of Sleep- according to the evolutionary approach, animals and humans have evolved a sleeping pattern to avoid predators by sleeping when predators are active.
Methadone- derivative of opium that is used to control the heroin dependency.
It tells the pineal gland when to produce melatonin. When drunk, some men who have two left feet would say that they can dance well.
Major Drug Categories A. Below is a video of a puppy having a night terror. Restless leg syndrome- painful cramps in calf or foot muscles. In humans, babies are often subjected to this disorder due to the growth and development of certain brain structures and neuronal myelinization the process of coating the neurons axon with myelin sheath.
Depressants- these are drugs that decrease the function of the nervous system. Cocaine- natural drug derived from coca plant; produces euphoric feeling. Stimulants- these are drugs that increase the function of the nervous system; causes the Sympathetic Nervous System to overdrive, also causes the reserve energy to burn up.
Thus giving heat, raised blood pressure and heart acceleration. Theories of Hypnosis Dissociation- splitting of conscious awareness; one part of mind is aware of actions taking place and the other is not.
Stage 3 and 4: Pituitary gland- also referred to as the "master gland". Stimulant like this does not give its user an excessive amount of energy but in fact this stimulant burns the reserved energy and fats of the user.
Biological rhythms- natural cycles of activity that the body must go through. Serotonin- a neurotransmitter associated with sleepiness. Restorative Theory of Sleep- states that sleep is needed to the physical health of the body wherein bodily damages are repaired when one is sleeping.
The pineal gland develops from the roof of the diencephalon, a section of the brain. This figure shows the hypothalamus, SCN, pineal gland and the pituitary gland - all involved in the sleep-wake cycle.
Latent content of dream- this is the hidden or symbolic meaning of the dream. Light Sleep- alpha wave activity fades and theta activity increases.
Manifest content of dream- this is the actual dream itself. Night terrors- panic experience while sound asleep, accompanied by moveents thus somewhat occur in NREM sleep. Social-Cognitive Theory- assumes that people who are hypnotized are not in altered state but are merely playing the role expected of them.
REM Behavior Disorder- a serious condition wherein a person would act out his nightmares; happens due to failure of the brain to inhibit voluntary muscles.
Drug tolerance and withdrawal are 2 signs of physical dependency. Glandular system-is a communication network that regulates basic drives and emotions, promotes growth and sexual identity, controls body temperature, assists in the repair of broken tissue and helps generate energy.
Sleep Apnea- a person stops breathing for a bout a minute or two. Amphetamines- synthesized in the laboratory. Those users do not know that drinking alcohol makes them lose a bit of their muscle tone. Opium- made from opium poppy, has a pain-relieving properties.
It has no other meaning aside from what he person saw in his dream. Psychological dependence- the belief that the drug is needed to continue a feeling of emotional or psychological well-being.
Drug tolerance- the continued use of drug, larger and larger doses of the drug are needed to have similar initial effect. Morphine- created by dissolving opium in an acid then neutralize by amonia.
Cataplexy- sudden loss of muscle tone.Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis and Drugs Consciousness: There are several definitions of consciousness. What is Consciousness?
For our purposes, Consciousness: a person's awareness of everything that is going on at any given moment Altered states of consciousness. 4. consciousness: sleep, dreams, hypnosis and drugs. Learning Objectives. LO Consciousness and levels of consciousness LO Why sleep and how sleep works LO Stages of sleep and dreaming LO Sleep disorders and normal sleep LO Why people dream and what they dream about.
Dreams in which people can think clearly about the circumstances of waking life and the fact that they are dreaming, yet they remain asleep.
Chapter 4: Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs. Chapter 4. STUDY. PLAY. state in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of mental activity as compared to waking consciousness.
circadian rhythm. a cycle of bodily rhythm that occurs over a hour period. bad dreams occurring during REM sleep. Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs Roberto Diaz was very anxious. He was nearing the end of his freshman semester when he suddenly remembered that he had signed up for another class and had never attended it.
Consciousness-a person's awareness of everything that is going on his surrounding which is used to organize fresh-air-purifiers.com consciousness-a person's thoughts, feelings and sensations are organized and fresh-air-purifiers.com waking consciousness, one is said to be alert.
Altered state of consciousness-occurs when there is a shift in the quality of mental .Download